About Circassians

According to legend, when God was creating the Earth, he carried all the mountains in a bag in order to distribute them across the land. The Devil, seeing this, slit a hole in the bottom of the bag and all the mountains fell in one area between the Black Sea…
As a divide between Europe and Asia, the Caucasus has two major regions – the North Caucasus and the South or Transcaucasus. The North Caucasus, composed mainly of plain (steppe) areas, begins at the Manych Depression and rises to the south, where it runs into the main mountain range, the…
The Circassians are a native people of the Caucasus where they have lived since time immemorial. They speak a unique language that includes almost all sounds a human can pronounce. They have developed a fascinating culture that reflects the beauty, bravery and mystery of the Caucasian mountains. The Circassians protected…
The Northern Caucasus, which is separated from the centers of the world civilizations by steep offshoots of the Caucasus Mountains, the vastnesses of the Caspian and Black Seas and the Great Steppe, already at the early stage of the human history, became one of the brightest seats of ancient culture.…
The deportation of the Circassians from their homeland in the mid-19th century is one of the most tragic events in human history. During the long war of resistance against the Tsarist invasion that started in the 18th century, the Circassians gradually withdrawn towards the highlands, and a large number of…
The Circassians began arriving in Anatolia and the Middle East in the 14th century as a result of gradual and sporadic contacts with various kingdoms and dynasties in the region. After the conquest of Istanbul (Constantinople) by the Ottomans in 1453, the population of the Circassians tended to increase in…
Known as the Mountain of Tongues, the Caucasus is home to a large number of languages. There are three language families indigenous to the Caucasus: Northwest Caucasian, also called the Abkhaz-Adyghe (Circassian): The family consists of Abkhaz-Abaza, Adyghe and Ubykh languages. Northeast Caucasian, also called the Nakho-Dagestanian: It includes Nakh…
The Diaspora Circassians are organized around cultural associations and foundations to protect and to develop their unique language and culture. There are about 80 active Circassian associations in Turkey. Most of these associations have joined together under the Federation of the Caucasian Associations (Kaffed) in 2003. Kaffed member associations are…
Parts or summaries of the following studies have been used in the texts presented here. We thank the authors for their interest and research on the Circassians and the Caucasus. Legend: HRH Prince Ali Bin Al-Hussein, The Circassians, MGA Production. Caucasus: John Colarusso, “Peoples of the Caucasus”, Encyclopedia of Cultures…
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